Morgan Stanley (NYSE: MS) is a global financial services firm that provides investment banking, securities, investment management and wealth management services to corporations, governments, institutions and individuals. Morgan Stanley has more than 600 offices in 33 countries.
- Though Morgan Stanley was founded in New York on September 5, 1935, its roots go further back. J.P. Morgan founder J. Pierpont Morgan in the early part of the 20th century acted as an unofficial central banker helping to reorganize U.S. railroads and pave the way for the creation of companies like General Electric and U.S. Steel. In September 1935, Morgan Stanley was born when Henry S. Morgan and Harold Stanley of J. P. Morgan & Co., along with others from J.P. Morgan & Co, broke from the company. This split of the commercial and investment banks came as a result of the Glass-Steagall Act. Within its first year, Morgan Stanley achieved 24% of market share among public offerings. It joined the New York Stock Exchange in 1942.
- In 1964, Morgan Stanley created the first viable computer model for financial analysis.
- In 1986, Morgan Stanley Group, Inc., became publicly listed.
- In 1996, Morgan Stanley acquired mutual fund company Van Kampen American Capital.
- On Feb. 5, 1997, the company merged with Dean Witter, and Discover & Co. (a.k.a. Dean Witter Reynolds) the spun-off financial services business of Sears Roebuck. In 2001 the Dean Witter name was dropped and the firm became Morgan Stanley.
- Co-President Zoe Cruz retires from the firm after 25 years of service to Morgan Stanley.
- On Dec. 19, 2006, after reporting 4th quarter earnings, Morgan Stanley announced the spinoff of its Discover Card unit.
- On Dec. 19, 2007, Morgan Stanley reported a $9.4-billion writedown from bad investments in mortgage-related debt, leading it to take a $5 billion infusion from an arm of the Chinese government in exchange for securities that would be convertible to 10% of its shares. The writedown, nearly triple what Morgan Stanley warned of in November, pushed the investment house to the first quarterly loss in its 73-year history.
- On Nov. 16, 2011, the SEC filed formal charges against Morgan Stanley Investment Management (MSIM) for violating securities laws in a bad fee arrangement.
- In September of 2012, Morgan Stanley and Citigroup said they agreed to value their jointly-owned Morgan Stanley Smith Barney brokerage at $13.5 billion as part of an agreement for Morgan Stanley to buy all of Citigroup's 49 percent interest in the venture by June 2015.
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It was announced in September 2011 that Mack would step down from his position as chairman of Morgan Stanley at the end of 2011. Mack, who also planned to retire from his full-time slot, would remain as a senior adviser. Chief executive James Gorman was to add the chairman role to his current duties as of Jan. 1.
- ↑ "Morgan Stanley Company History”. Morgan Stanley.
- ↑ Walid Chammah and James Gorman Named Co-Presidents of Morgan Stanley. Morgan Stanley.
- ↑ "Morgan Stanley Posts Loss After $9.4B 4th-Qtr Writedown, Gets $5B Investment From China”. Yahoo!.
- ↑ "Morgan Stanley”. Google Finance.
- ↑ Morgan Stanley, Citi Value Brokerage at $13.5 Billion. CNBC.
- ↑ Mack to step down as Morgan Stanley chairman. MarketWatch.