CME Group, Inc.
|CME Group, Inc.|
|Founded||July 12, 2007 (through Chicago Mercantile Exchange Holdings and CBOT Holdings merger)|
|Headquarters||Headquarters: 20 South Wacker Drive, Chicago, IL 60606 (plus other CME Group offices domestic and international)|
|Key People||Terrence Duffy, Executive Chairman/President; Phupinder Gill, CEO|
|Products||Interest rate, equity index, foreign currency, commodity futures and options and alternative investments (e.g. weather, real estate)|
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CME Group, Inc., based in Chicago, is the world's largest derivatives exchange, offering a broad array of derivatives contracts, clearing services, market data and indexes products. The publicly traded company had a market cap of $33 billion, as of October 2016.
The exchange was formed by the $11.6 billion merger in July 2007 of the 109-year-old Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) and the 159-year-old Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT), its former rival.  It expanded further with its August 22, 2008 acquisition of energy and metals exchange NYMEX Holdings, Inc. The two acquisitions resulted in CME Group becoming the largest U.S. futures exchange, with an estimated 98 percent of the US futures volumes, as well as the largest futures exchange in the world.
CME Group also is a joint-venture minority shareholder of S&P Dow Jones Indices, a benchmark index firm which is 24.4 percent owned by CME Group and 73 percent owned by McGraw-Hill. The partnership, announced in July 2012, provides licensing of benchmark indices, several of which are offered by CME Group as listed contracts.
CME Group ranked first in global exchange volume in 2015 with over 3.5 billion contracts traded, a 2.6 percent increase from the previous year, according to the FIA Annual Volume Report.
CME Group offers contracts in all major asset classes:
- CME Group interest rate products
- CME Group foreign currency products
- CME Group stock index products
- CME Group commodity products
- CME Group weather products
- CME Group real estate products
- CME Group metals products
- NYMEX energy products
- CME E-Micros products
- Terrence Duffy, Executive Chairman/President
- Phupinder Gill, CEO
- Kathleen Cronin, Senior Managing Director, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary
- Sunil Cutinho, President, CME Clearing
- Bryan T. Durkin, Chief Commercial Officer
- Julie Holzrichter, Chief Operating Officer
- William Knottenbelt, Senior Managing Director, International
- Kevin Kometer, Chief Information Officer
- John W. Pietrowicz, Chief Financial Officer
- Hilda Harris Piell, Chief Human Resources Officer
- Linda D. Rich, Senior Managing Director, Government Relations and Legislative Affairs
- Derek Sammann, Senior Managing Director, Global Head of Commodity and Options Products
- Kim Taylor, President, Global Operations, Technology & Risk
- Sean Tully, Senior Managing Director, Global Head of Financial and OTC Products
- Julie Winkler, Senior Managing Director, Research and Product Development
- Robert Zagotta, Senior Managing Director, Strategy & Execution
|Year||Total Annual Volume||Percent Change|
|Chicago Mercantile Exchange||1,749,610,948|
|Chicago Board of Trade||1,196,933,143||2.2%|
|New York Mercantile Exchange||585,216,500||18.2%|
(*)Volumes include CBOT and NYMEX. 
The CME Group's product complex spans all major asset classes, including: futures and options on interest rates, equities indexes, currencies, commodities, energy products, precious metals and alternative investment instruments such as weather and real estate derivatives. The exchange also pushed into the OTC interest rate swaps space in 2012, offering futures and clearing of those contracts. 
CME Group’s trading runs largely on its electronic platform called Globex with local electronic access hubs around the world that provide trading almost 24 hours per day, six days per week.
|Globex went live in 1992, and volume grew slowly at first, but grew steadily through the early 2000s to overtake traditional floor-based "open outcry" trading. In 2015 the CME Group shut down most of its futures trading pits in Chicago and New York because of shrinking open outcry volume. One exception was the S&P 500 futures market, which remains open on the Chicago trading floor. The options pits, which have remained active in the face of electronic trading, mostly remain open in both cities. CME said it expects to save $10 million per year by closing the futures pits. CME Group said it would shut its New York trading floor, including the options pits, at the end of 2016, but keep the options pits open in Chicago.|
|CME Direct is the exchange's side–by–side platform for online trading of exchange listed and OTC markets through a single application. On July 31, 2012 CME launched Direct Messenger, an instant messaging platform for energy traders which is part of CME Direct and is fully integrated with CME Clearport. CME's subsidiary Pivot Inc. created the technology surrounding the platform. The tools the platform provides are expected to increase the distribution of request-for-quotes, block orders, complex options and other energy and equity order types. |
|CME Group opened an all-electronic European exchange, CME Europe launched on April 27, 2014, offering futures on 30 foreign currencies and biodiesel. More commodities contracts are to follow. The European market is cleared by its own clearing house called CME Clearing Europe.|
|Colocation and Direct Access|
|CME Group's Colocation Services, which consists of hosting, connectivity and support services, began operating out of a new facility in Aurora, IL on January 29, 2012. The facility offers equal access for all participants, including equal pricing, equal terms and conditions, and equal lengths of fiber between customer cabinets. The Aurora data center consists of 428,000 square feet of of space, and is served by two 138,000 volt electric service; each originating from a separate generation plant. To view a video overview of CME Group's Colocation Services, click HERE.|
The exchange is supported by CME Clearing, the exchange's central futures clearing mechanism, which settles all trades and acts as the counterparty between buyers and sellers, thus virtually guaranteeing the creditworthiness of every transaction The division clears not only its traditional futures contracts but also OTC contracts in interest rates, swaps, FX and commodities. In its history, CME Clearing has never experienced a default.
|CME Clearing Europe|
|CME Clearing Europe was launched in May 2011. The London-based clearing house, a wholly-owned subsidiary of CME Group, clears more than 200 OTC products. The clearing house handles OTC contracts including: energy, agriculture, freight and precious metals with plans to include OTC financial derivatives. The move to launch CME Clearing Europe stemmed largely from the European Market Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR) which is due to start in 2013 and force mandatory clearing of OTC trades.|
|In 2008, CME introduced Clearing360, an extension of its clearing services to the over-the-counter marketplace. Clearing360 allows hedge funds, proprietary trading firms, and regional banks to substitute OTC trades for cleared only futures positions. The first OTC marketplace to participate in this service was the short-term interest rate swap marketplace, which parallels the CME Eurodollar market. CME expects to extend CME Clearing360 services to other markets in the future.|
|On May 31, 2002, NYMEX launched ClearPort as a clearing service for bilateral over-the-counter (OTC) natural gas contracts. The platform was started in the aftermath of the Enron scandal, in order to allow energy market participants to mitigate counterparty credit risk.  Over the next five years, NYMEX added product listings in electricity, coal, crude oil, soft commodities, and metals. After NYMEX merged with CME Group, ClearPort was renamed CME ClearPort, and began listing swaps and OTC derivatives associated with other CME Group asset classes. To view a 2-minute video on CME Clearport, click HERE.|
| In 1988, CME launched its Standard Portfolio Analysis of Risk, or SPAN as the first system to calculate performance bond requirements solely on the basis of overall portfolio risk at both clearing and customer level. SPAN calculates value-at-risk (VaR by using a formula that considers price and volatility scans, inter- and intra-commodity spread adjustments, spot risk, and short option premium risk.
By 2010, the CME SPAN entered its fourth generation, and consists of three software products:
CME offers data services in a number of ways, including real-time disseminated data through its Market Data Platform or through licensed distributors. The exchange also offers historical data through CME DataMine, and through reports accessed via its web site. For more information, click HERE.
The group also offers a repository service for swap data through CME Swap Data Repository, a CFTC-registered Swap Data Repository service that supports interest rates, credit, commodities and FX asset classes. In 2013, the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) approved the CME European Trade Repository as a Trade Repository (TR) under the European Market Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR). The London-based, multi-asset trade repository accepts submission of trades across all mandated derivative asset classes, namely interest rates, FX, credit, commodities and equities.
CME OTC Products
CME Group offers trading on hundreds of OTC derivatives contracts, from commodities to financial contracts. The exchange offers interest rate swaps, credit default swaps, FX and commodities such as energies, agriculture, metals and commodity index swaps.
In April 2012, CME cleared its first FX OTC non-deliverable forward (NDF) trade, a Brazilian real. It also launched NDF clearing for the Chinese Renminbi Yuan, Philippine Peso, Malaysian Ringgit, Indian Rupee, Korean Won, Taiwan Dollar, Chilean Peso, Colombian Peso, Peruvian Sol, Russian Ruble and Indonesian Rupiah. The exchange also offers cash settled forwards (CSFs) on 26 currency pairs.
On December 3, 2012, CME Group launched trading on swap futures for two-year, five-year, 10-year and 30-year interest rate maturities. Swap futures, which require less collateral than OTC swaps, are converted or delivered as OTC swaps upon expiry and cleared by CME Clearing.  CME also offers other OTC products such as 51 CDX Indices, as well as cash settled forwards (CSFs) on 26 currency pairs.
Also See: CME Group History Timeline
CME Group's history (through individual and intertwining paths of CME and CBOT) is rooted in early Chicago from grain trading in the late 1840s to the introduction of financial futures in the 1970s, to electronic trading in the early 1990s, and demutualization in the early 2000s. At the time of the merger in July 2007, the CBOT and CME were 159 and 109 years old, respectively.
Mergers, Acquisitions and Joint Ventures
|Chicago Board of Trade, 2007|
| On July 9, 2007, the Chicago Mercantile Exchange officially became the winner in the bidding war for the CBOT, as its members approved CME's offer, thus ending decades of competition and rivalry between the two exchanges. According to then-CBOT chairman Charlie Carey, it was "a great day for the city of Chicago." The final deal, valued at $11.9 billion, was 25 percent higher than CME's first offer nine months prior, as a rival bid by Atlanta-based Intercontinental Exchange led to a bidding war.
The final deal gave CBOT shareholders 0.375 shares of CME Holdings stock for each share of CBOT Holdings stock, up from 0.35 shares in the original offer. CBOT shareholders received a 36% ownership stake in the combined exchange, and also received a cash dividend of $9.14.
The formation of CME Group did not result in any change to trading privileges for CME and CBOT members. CME members can trade legacy CME products at member rates directly from the trading floor; CBOT members enjoy the same benefits on CBOT products only.
In addition, in January 2008 all legacy CBOT products migrated successfully to the CME Globex platform from e-cbot.. CBOT had already moved clearing of all trades to CME Clearing from its legacy clearing provider, the Board of Trade Clearing Corp., in 2003; thus, this was one huge operational hurdle that did not require consideration during the migration. Phased integration of the trading floors took place between March and July of 2008, into the trading facility at 141 W. Jackson, the CBOT Building.
|New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), 2008|
| On March 17, 2008, CME Group announced its plan to acquire NYMEX. The terms called for NYMEX shareholders to receive $36 and 0.1323 shares of CME Group for each NYMEX share. It also included a bid to buy the 816 NYMEX memberships for $612,000 each. On July 18, CME increased the offer for NYMEX memberships to $750,000, from $612,000. Under the terms, members are allowed to keep their rights to lease seats on the floor trading and maintain the floor trading seat market. CME agreed to keep the trading floor in New York as long as it was profitable and met certain trading thresholds.
On August 18, 2008, Nymex Holdings shareholders voted to approve the deal. As of the approval date, the value of the acquisition was $8.3 billion.
|Kansas City Board of Trade (KCBT), 2012|
| On Oct. 17, 2012 CME Group announced that it would acquire the Kansas City Board of Trade for $126 million in cash. The board of directors of KCBT unanimously approved the transaction.
The deal, which was completed on December 3, 2012, allows CME Group access to the market for hard red winter wheat, Kansas City's flagship contract. In February 2013, CME Group announced it will close the Kansas City trading floor and shift operations to its Chicago floor as of July 1, 2013, pending regulatory approval. Also, CME announced it will begin clearing KCBT contracts at CME Clearing beginning April 15, 2013. 
|S&P Dow Jones Indices, 2012|
|In July 2012, McGraw-Hill, owner of the Standard & Poor's ratings service and related companies, announced a joint venture with CME Group, S&P Dow Jones Indices, which publishes thousands of indices across equities, fixed income, commodities, real estate, strategy and specialty. 
Under the terms of the deal, McGraw Hill owns 73 percent of the company, CME Group owns 24.4 percent, and Dow Jones owns 2.6 percent. Also, under the deal, CME Group sold its stake in Credit Market Analysis (CMA) to McGraw-Hill, who then folded it into its S&P Capital IQ unit.
|Credit Market Analysis, 2008 (sold in 2012)|
|Credit Market Analysis, Ltd. (CMA) is a data and information company specializing in OTC derivatives markets, founded in 2001 by a group of credit derivative specialists who identified a need to bring transparency and improved information flow to the OTC market. 
CME Group acquired CMA in March 2008 as the exchange sought to expand its reach into credit derivatives execution and clearing. In July 2012, CME Group sold CMA to McGraw-Hill as part of the deal that created S&P Dow Jones Indices, a joint venture between CME Group and McGraw-Hill.
|FXMarketspace, 2006 (closed in 2008)|
|FXMarketSpace was an over-the-counter (OTC) foreign exchange (FX) platform which was announced in 2006 as a 50/50 joint venture between CME Group and Thomson Reuters. The idea was to introduce the central counterparty clearing and straight-through processing model to the OTC forex market.
Trading on FXMarketspace began in May of 2006 in seven currency pairs, including the U.S. dollar versus the yen, euro, pound, Swiss franc and Canadian dollar, as well as four currency cross-pairs. Processing functions were provided through a deal with FX post-trade service firm Traiana.
While FXMarketspace opened to much fanfare and was initially supported by the banking community, interest in the platform waned, and the platform was shuttered on Oct. 17, 2008.
|OneChicago is a fully electronic exchange owned jointly by Interactive Brokers, CBOE, and CME Group, that lists futures contracts on single stocks, narrow-based equity indexes and exchange traded funds. It is a privately held company and is regulated jointly by the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
OneChicago was created in May 2001 as a result of the Commodity Futures Modernization Act of 2000 (CFMA), which legalized single stock futures. The exchange began as a joint venture between the CME, Chicago Board Options Exchange, and the CBOT. In March 2006, electronic broker-dealer Interactive Brokers Group LLC took a 40 percent stake in the venture. After the CME and CBOT merger in 2007, the ownership structure is as follows:
CME Group has pursued partnerships, memorandums of understanding (MOU) and other deals with exchanges, index providers and others in an effort to secure a global presence.
Exchange partners include BM&FBOVESPA, Bursa Malaysia Berhad, Dubai Mercantile Exchange, GreenX, Johannesburg Stock Exchange, Kansas City Board of Trade, Korea Exchange, Minneapolis Grain Exchange, Multi Commodity Exchange of India, National Stock Exchange of India Ltd., Osaka Securities Exchange, Russian Trading System Stock Exchange and Singapore Exchange Limited.
For more see CME Group's "Global Presence" Page.
John Lothian News Interviews
|(VIDEO) 2016 Exchange CEO Series: CME's Gill Looking For Customer Efficiencies|
CME Group has been focused on global growth, just like every other major exchange. But to get there, the exchange leader believes it has to work with customers to streamline costs so it can expand. In part one of our two-part interview at the FIA Boca Conference, CME CEO Phupinder Gill said that the exchange is working on new ways to address capital efficiencies through products such as cleared swaptions, but also new clearing services that will help institutions reduce collateral. CME is also continuing to work on market disruptors such as blockchain technology, which may change the way in which clearing services are delivered.
|Clear Skies Ahead: Terry Duffy of CME Group Says Clearing Is Industry Driver|
With the bulk of US financial reforms now in place, financial markets appear to be pulling out of their doldrums. Terry Duffy, executive chairman and president of CME Group, spoke with Jim Kharouf, editor-in-chief of John Lothian News, about his outlook for the exchange and the strong prospects for growth in the futures markets.
“The industry is really exciting right now,” Duffy said. “We’ve been going through some difficult years like all financial markets have. Now we’re getting some clarity around the rules especially here in the US and that’s very positive.”
Duffy said CME Group stands to gain from the migration of OTC trades onto exchange platforms with centralized clearing, especially in the wake of new rules and capital requirements for banks in Europe.
|(VIDEO) CME Group’s Sean Tully Introduces Deliverable Interest Rate Swap Futures|
Sean Tully is the managing director of interest rate futures products for CME Group, the world’s largest derivatives exchange. He recently led the development and implementation of CME’s Deliverable Interest Rate Swap Futures, a new type of derivatives product that aims to offer interest rate swap exposure, combined with the liquidity, transparency and margin efficiency of a futures contract.
Tully is a 20-year veteran of the financial sector who, prior to joining CME Group in August 2011, led the fixed income trading group at German banking firm WestLB and, prior to that, spent over ten years as a derivatives trader with Citibank and Greenwich Capital. Tully spoke with John Lothian News Editor-at-Large Doug Ashburn about the new interest rate swap futures contracts, which launched on December 3, 2012.
|SDR 2.0: CME Group’s Jonathan Thursby Looks at the Future of Swap Data Repositories|
Over the past 18 months, the OTC derivatives world began mandatory reporting into trade repositories. Now that we have had some time to work through the logistics, it is time for a rethink. Jonathan Thursby, Global Head of CME Repository Services, says the CFTC and global regulators are looking at revisions to the rules, and he lays out his wish list for a new and improved framework.
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- "CME Group Inc. Completes Acquisition of NYMEX Holdings, Inc., Expands Its Diversified Product Offerings to Include Energy and Metals and Also Announces Preliminary Election Results". CME Group.
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- Ending an Era, CME Group to shutter most futures pits. Reuters.
- CME options traders see open outcry resisting fate of futures pits. Reuters.
- CME to close New York trading floor in computers' victory. Reuters.
- CME Direct Messenger. Reuters.
- CME Planning Europe Exchange To Compete With Eurex, Liffe. Bloomberg Businessweek.
- DERIVATIVES: CME plans European derivatives venture. IFRE.
- CME Europe Plans to Add Currency Options at London Venue. Bloomberg.
- CME Co-Location Services launch date announced. Automated Trader.
- CME Co-Location Services. CME Group.
- CME Clearing Europe Expands its Metals Offering with Two Iron Ore Contracts. CME Group.
- European Clearing for OTC Commodity and Financial Derivatives. CME Group.
- CME to push clearing rate swaps in London. FT.
- CME ClearPort: Celebrating Seven Years of OTC Clearing. CME Group.
- How Does Your Margin Grow?. Investopedia.
- SPAN. CME Group.
- CME European Trade Repository. CME Group.
- CME Group Announces Approval of CME European Trade Repository. PR Newswire press release.
- About OTC Derivatives. CME Group.
- CME Group Expands Multi-Asset Class OTC Offering with First Cleared FX Non-Deliverable Forward. CME Group.
- CME Group OTC FX Clearing. CME.
- CME to launch interest rate swap contract. FT.
- CME Group OTC Clearing. CME.
- CME/CBOT merger goes through. Futures Magazine.
- CBOT Holders Choose To Merge With CME. Forbes.
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- CBOT Agricultural and Equity Index Products Begin Trading on CME Globex. CME Group.
- CME boosts NYMEX trading rights offer to $750,000 7/18/08. Dow Jones.
- CME 'sweetens' NYMEX offer with buyback, dividend 6/23/08. MarketWatch.
- Nymex Shareholders Approve $8.3 Billion Takeover by CME. New York Times.
- CME Group to Buy Kansas City Board of Trade for $126 Million. Bloomberg.
- Press Release. PR Newswire.
- CME Group Completes Acquisition of Kansas City Board of Trade. PR Newswire, via CME Media Room.
- CME to Close Kansas City Board of Trade Pits in June. Dow Jones Newswires, via NASDAQ.
- About S&P Dow Jones Indices. S&P Dow Jones Indices.
- CME-McGraw-Hill Launch S&P-Dow Jones. Zachs.
- About CMA. CMAVision.com.
- CME Group to Acquire Credit Market Analysis. Bloomberg.
- CME Group and Thomson Reuters to Close FXMarketSpace Joint Venture. CME Group.
- Who’s afraid of single-stock futures?. Medill Reports.
- The Wallendas Hit Wall Street. Forbes.
- National Stock Exchange of India and CME Group Announce Cross-Listing Relationship. PRNewswire-FirstCall.
- Growing Global Presence. CME Group.