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{{Infobox_Company <!-- Feel free to remove comments like this when you add real info -->
| company_name = t0tZERO| company_logo = <!-- use the syntax: [[Image:imgnameTzerocropped.jpg{{!}}200px]] for this, or leave it blank -->| key_people = Joe CammarataSaum Noursalehi, President CEO | foundation = 2016 <!-- Year founded -->| location = <!-- Headquarters city, state, country -->New York| employees = <!-- Approx number of employees -->100| products = <!-- Quick list of types of things company does or produces -->security tokens
| twitter = <!-- Twitter ID for the company, e.g. JohnLothian, or leave blank -->
| linkedin = <!-- LinkedIn ID for the company -->
| stocktwits = <!-- StockTwits ID for the company, e.g. JohnLothian, or leave blank -->
| facebook = <!-- Facebook Page -->
| homepage = <!-- No web site? Just leave this line blank -->
| press = <!-- A link to where press releases can be found, or leave blank to omit -->
| blog = <!-- Blog site, or leave blank -->
t0 tZERO (or tzerot0) is a distributed ledger blockchain-based trading platform for capital marketsoffering two-sided trading between issuers of security tokens and investors. It is a majority owned subsidiary of Overstock.comcalled [[Medici Ventures]]. The company's stated goal is to bring greater efficiency and transparency to capital markets through the integration of [[blockchain]] technology.
tZERO officially launched the platform in January 2019.<ref>{{cite web|url=|name= History Distributed ledger platform for capital markets|org=t0|date=May 7, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=|name=Overstock’s tZERO Token Platform Has Officially Opened for Trading|org=Coindesk|date=February 28, 2019}}</ref>
On June 5The firm is also working with [[BOX]] Digital Markets, 2015, Overstock announced it would offer a subsidiary of [[BOX Options Exchange]] to launch the “world's first cryptosecurity,” on its new t0 platform. The name t0 comes from SEC-approved security token market in the Wall Street jargon United States. It is tentatively set for bond settlementslaunch, which typically take three days (“t + 3”) to finalize. According to company statementspending regulatory approval, bond trades on t0 settle the same dayfor Q3 2019.<ref>{{cite web|url=http|name=Overstock's t0: Reconciling Fiat Currency and the Bitcoin BlockchainBeyond Crypto: A Conversation with tZERO’s CEO Saum Noursalehi, Part 2|org=NasdaqTT Trade Talk Blog|date=May 26February 28, 20172019}}</ref>
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== History ==
On June 5, 2015, Overstock announced it would offer the “world's first cryptosecurity,” on its new t0 platform. The name t0 comes from the Wall Street jargon for bond settlements, which typically take three days (“t + 3”) to finalize. According to company statements, bond trades on t0 settle the same day.<ref>{{cite web|url=|name=Overstock's t0: Reconciling Fiat Currency and the Bitcoin Blockchain|org=Nasdaq|date=May 26, 2017}}</ref>
t0 had its first day of stock trading on its shared ledger on December 16, 2016.
The previous day, Overstock announced it had raised $10.9m in an offering comprising $1.9m worth of stock traded via digital assets on the t0 platform. Fifty-five people purchased a total of 126,565 shares for $15.68. <ref>{{cite web|url=|name=Overstock Just Closed its First Day of Blockchain Stock Trading|org=t0|date=May 26, 2017}}</ref>
In January of 2017, t0 acquired the assets of Singapore-based Blue Ocean Financial Technology, Pte. Ltd. and formed Blue Ocean Technologies to offer a transparent, electronic marketplace for trading U.S.-listed securities during non-U.S. trading hours.<ref>{{cite web|url=|name=t0 acquires assets of Blue Ocean Financial Technology, Pte. Ltd.|org=Globe Newswire|date=May 30, 2017}}</ref>
In April 2018, tZERO launched the first demo videos of its trading software.<ref>{{cite web|url=|name=tZERO Unveils Security Token Trading Software|org=BusinessWire|date=May 7, 2018}}</ref>
In May 2018, the company announced that CEO Patrick Byrne would be stepping down as CEO to become tZERO's executive chairman, while former president Saum Noursalehi would take over as CEO, in order to "accelerate" tZERO.<ref>{{cite web|url=|name=BRIEF-Overstock.Com CEO Announces Management Changes To Accelerate tZERO|org=Reuters|date=May 07, 2018}}</ref>
On May 18, 2018, tZERO and BOX Digital Markets LLC entered into a letter of intent to form an exchange to list and publicly trade security tokens for companies that issue, or convert existing stock to, security tokens. [[Lisa Fall]], CEO of BOX Digital and president of BOX Options Exchange LLC, will be the CEO of the joint venture. The venture aims to be the first SEC-registered exchange for security tokens, tentatively set for Q3 2019, pending regulatory approval. <ref>{{cite web|url=|name=tZERO and BOX Digital Markets Announce Joint Venture to Launch Industry’s First Security Token Exchange|org=Press Release via Businesswire|date=May 24, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=|name=Blockchain Beyond Crypto: A Conversation with tZERO’s CEO Saum Noursalehi|org=Trade Technologies: Trade Talk Blog|date=February 28, 2019}}</ref>
In August 2018, the firm concluded its first token sale of tZERO security tokens, and the lock-up period for those ended in January 2019. That essentially opened the token trading platform for live trading.<ref>{{cite web|url=|name=Overstock’s Patrick Byrne Says tZERO Will Launch Next Week|org=Coindesk|date=January 22, 2019}}</ref>
In July 2019, the firm announced a partnership with Vision Tree to offer the first tokens on a major theatrical motion picture. The picture, called "Atari: Fistful of Quarters," is about the video game pioneer Nolan Bushnell, and his company, Atari. The tokens are called Bushnell tokens and will be sold by Vision Tree, a film production and financing company.<ref>{{cite web|url=|name=tZERO Partners with Atari Movie to Tokenize First Major Motion Picture|org=Press Release|date=July 9, 2019}}</ref>
On August 22, 2019, Byrne resigned from his CEO post at and all affiliates including tZero, following a blog post he published on his personal website disclosing he had been in a relationship with Maria Butina, who was accused of being a Russian spy during the presidential election of 2016 and convicted for her role. Comments in the post about the "Deep State" sent Overstock's share price tumbling. Byrne said he resigned because his presence was distracting from plans to sell the company. Byrne was replaced at Overstock by Jonathan Johnson. Byrne remaines involved with the company's blockchain investments.<ref>{{cite web|url=|name=Patrick Byrne, Overstock C.E.O., Resigns After Disclosing Romance With Russian Agent|org=NY Times|date=August 23, 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=| Chief Executive Resigns|org=Wall Street Journal|date=August 23, 2019}}</ref>
== Products and Services ==
tZERO's ICO launched in December of 2017.<ref>{{cite web|url=|name=tZERO Announces Launch Date and Initial Terms for its Proposed Token Sale|org=BusinessWire|date=May 7, 2018}}</ref> It currently offers security tokens to "accredited investors only."<ref>{{cite web|url=|name=Online retailer Overstock has raised $100 million for its ICO it says will replace Wall Street|org=Business Insider|date=May 7, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=|name=Distributed ledger platform for capital markets|org=t0|date=May 7, 2018}}</ref>
tZERO's most distinctive function is DLR technology (Digital Locate Receipt), which uses a proprietary blockchain to lend transparency to the practice of short selling. The aim of this technology is to curb "naked" short selling.<ref>{{cite web|url=|name=Digital Locate Receipt Technology Platform|org=tZERO|date=May 7, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=|name=Overstock to Release Blockchain Product to Curb Naked Short Sales|org=Coindesk|date=May 7, 2018}}</ref>
== Key People ==
* Joe CammarataPatrick Byrne, Presidentfounder and chairman (resigned in August 2019)* Dr. Patrick ByrneSaum Noursalehi, CEO and founder* Steve Hopkins, president* Ralph Daiuto, Jr., COO* Brooke Navarro, head of issuance
== References ==