U.S. Department of the Treasury

From MarketsWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
U.S. Department of the Treasury
Founded 1789
Headquarters Washington, DC

The U.S. Department of the Treasury is the executive agency responsible for promoting economic prosperity and ensuring the financial security of the United States.

The Department is responsible for a wide range of activities such as advising the President on economic and financial issues, encouraging sustainable economic growth, and fostering improved governance in financial institutions.

The Secretary of the U.S. Treasury Department is Steven Terner Mnuchin.

The Department of the Treasury operates and maintains systems that are critical to the nation's financial infrastructure, such as the production of coin and currency, the disbursement of payments to the American public, revenue collection, and the borrowing of funds necessary to run the federal government. The Department works with other federal agencies, foreign governments, and international financial institutions to encourage global economic growth, raise standards of living, and to the extent possible, predict and prevent economic and financial crises.

The Treasury Department also performs a critical and far-reaching role in enhancing national security by implementing economic sanctions against foreign threats to the U.S., identifying and targeting the financial support networks of national security threats, and improving the safeguards of our financial systems.[1]


The Treasury Department was established by the first session of Congress in 1789. Its first Secretary, Alexander Hamilton, pushed for federal assumption of Revolutionary War debt, and was instrumental in the development of the first U.S. fiscal agent, the Bank of the United States.[2]


The basic functions of the Department of the Treasury include:

  • Managing federal finances;
  • Collecting taxes, duties and monies paid to and due to the U.S. and paying all bills of the U.S.;
  • Producing postage stamps, currency and coinage;
  • Managing government accounts and the public debt;
  • Supervising national banks and thrift institutions;
  • Advising on domestic and international financial, monetary, economic, trade and tax policy;
  • Enforcing federal finance and tax laws;
  • Investigating and prosecuting tax evaders, counterfeiters, and forgers.

VIDEO: What Does the Secretary of the Treasury Do?

Video from OnlineMBA.com[3]

Key People


  1. U.S. Treasury - Education: Duties & Functions. U.S. Treasury.
  2. Hamilton and the Establishment of the Department of the Treasury. U.S. Treasury.
  3. What Does the Secretary of the Treasury Do?. OnlineMBA.com.