Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a scientific intergovernmental body set up by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in 1988 to study climate change in the wake of a blazing heat wave and drought and warnings from scientists led by James E. Hansen. It was the first step on the path toward agreement on the first climate treaty in 1992.
Its constituency is made up of:
- Governments: all member countries of WMO and UNEP
- Scientists: hundreds of scientists all over the world
- The people: the IPCC work aims at the promotion of the United Nations human development goals
The IPCC was established to provide an objective source of information about climate change for decision-makers and others. It does not conduct its own research or monitor climate-related data; rather it assesses the latest scientific, technical and socio-economic literature relevant to understanding the risk of human-induced climate change. Its reports should be neutral and objective and of high scientific and technical standards and reflect a wide range of views and geographical coverage.