Shinzo Abe is the head of Japan's Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and has served as prime minister of Japan since 2012. He is the country’s longest serving premier.  Abe first served as prime minister from 2006-2007, but resigned after a "disastrous" year in office, which included the alienation of China and South Korea and continued economic weakness.  Upon leaving office in 2007, he was hospitalized with a stress-related illness.
In August 2020 Abe said he would resign to undergo treatment for ulcerative colitis, the same ailment that forced him to step down as prime minister in 2007.
He previously served as chief cabinet secretary from 2005 to 2006.
Abe convened a new cabinet on December 26, 2012 and pushed through an agenda that included a major economic stimulus package and increased pressure on the Bank of Japan for quick action to pull the country out of recession and deflation.  Specifically, Abe favors a mandatory inflation target of 2pc, backed by "unlimited" monetary stimulus.
Abe is the grandson of Nobusuke Kishi, a wartime cabinet member imprisoned as a Class A war crimes suspect but never tried, who became prime minister in 1957, and the son of Shintaro Abe, a former foreign minister, for whom Shinzo Abe long served as secretary. Upon the his father's death in 1993, he assumed the elder Abe's parliamentary seat. Abe was elevated to prime minister in 2006, but resigned a year later amid controversy surrounding, among other things, his hard-line stance on foreign policy.
Abe earned a degree in political science at Seikei University in Japan in 1977. Later, he studied politics at the University of Southern California. 
- Japan's Shinzo Abe prepares to print money for the whole world. The Telegraph.
- Shinzo Abe's sumo-sized win. The Economist.
- Abe, Japan's Longest-Serving Premier, Resigns Due to Health. Bloomberg.
- Abe Sets Economic Agenda. Wall Street Journal.
- Set to Lead, Japan’s Next Premier Reconsiders Postwar Era. New York Times.
- Profile: Shinzo Abe. BBC.