Credit Valuation Adjustment

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Credit Valuation Adjustment (CVA) is a metric representing the difference between the risk free portfolio value and the true portfolio value, taking counterparty risk into account. CVA is the market value of the counterparty credit risk. [1]

The metric has gained increasing attention in the Basel III accords as well as in the Dodd-Frank Act, where the definition of "Tier 1 Capital" has been called into question in regards to categorizing and weighing OTC derivatives. [2]