Global Reporting Initiative

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Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)
Founded 2001
Headquarters Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Products * GRI Guidelines
  • GRI Standards
  • GRI Conferences
Key People Eelco van der Enden, CEO

Bastian Buck, Chief of Standards

Twitter @GRI_Secretariat
Web site
Releases Organization News

GRI is a provider of widely used sustainability disclosure standards for organizations. GRI sets standards for impact reporting. Following an independent, multi-stakeholder process, GRI maintains the sustainability reporting standards and makes them available as a free public good.


In 1997, GRI was founded in Boston as the organization charged with creating the first accountability mechanism to ensure companies adhere to responsible environmental conduct principles. The impetus was public outcry over the environmental damage caused by the Exxon Valdez oil spill. In 2001, GRI was established as an independent, non-profit institution. In 2002, the GRI's Secretariat relocated to Amsterdam, The Netherlands. GRI has grown since. Its current network has locations in Brazil (2007), China (2009), India (2010), USA (2011), South Africa (2013), Colombia (2014) and Singapore (2019). [1] GRI has a two-tier board structure that includes a management board and a supervisory board. The updated governance structure was announced in October 2021.[2]

Products and Services[edit]

At its inception, GRI developed a global framework for sustainability reporting known as the GRI guidelines.

  • GRI Guidelines, G1, were published in 2001.
  • GRI Guidelines update G2 in 2002.
  • GRI Guidelines update G3 in 2006.
  • GRI Guidelines update G4 in 2013.

In 2016, GRI developed global standards for sustainability reporting. The GRI Standards are tools that allow an organization to understand and report on its impacts on the economy, environment and people in a comparable and credible way. The Standards are relevant to reporting companies and other stakeholders, including investors, policymakers, capital markets, and civil society. ​Designed as a modular set, the Standards deliver a picture of an organization's material topics, their related impacts, and how they are managed.[3]


Key People[edit]



  1. About GRI. GRI.