TMX Group Inc.

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TMX Group Inc.
Founded 1861
Headquarters Toronto, Canada
Key People John McKenzie, CEO
Products Stock issuance, exchange operation, market data provider

TMX Group, formerly known as TSX, is a Toronto-based exchange operator of cash and derivative markets for multiple asset classes including equities, fixed income and energy. It owns and operates the Toronto Stock Exchange, TSX Venture Exchange, Montreal Exchange and Trayport. TMX Group also owns 53.8 percent of the Boston Options Exchange ("BOX").

It was rebranded following the C$1.3 billion acquisition of the Montreal Exchange in 2008.[1]

Maple Group Acquisition Corporation, a consortium of several of Canada’s largest banks and pension funds, bought a majority stake in TMX for C$3.8bn in August of 2012, defeating an agreed merger with the London Stock Exchange, and renamed the entity TMX Group Limited. As part of the deal Maple bought Canadian Depository for Securities (CDS) for C$167.5m and Alpha for C$175m. [2][3] [4] [5]

TMX Group ranked 16th among global derivatives exchanges by volume in 2021, with 613 million contracts traded, up 92.76 percent from a year earlier, according to Futures Industry Association annual volume figures.[6]

TMX Group is a Primary Member of CCP Global, the global association of Central Counterparties (CCP), which represents 42 members who operate more than 60 individual CCPs across EMEA, the Americas and the Asia-Pacific region. [7]


TMX Group began in 1852 when a group of Toronto businessmen created an association that established the framework for the Toronto Stock Exchange. TSX was formally created in 1861.

On June 11 2008, the company changed its name from TSX Group to TMX Group to reflect its merger with the Montreal Exchange.[8]

Luc Bertrand stepped down from his position as the deputy chief executive officer of TMX Group and president and chief executive officer of Montreal Exchange Inc. in 2009.[9]. He is currently spokesman for Maple Group Acquisition Corporation, which subsequently acquired TMX Group.

In February of 2011, the London Stock Exchange Group PLC (LSE) announced a proposed merger with TMX. TMX shareholders were due to vote on the LSE merger proposal on June 30, 2011 with a two-thirds majority required for approval.[10] [11] However, TMX Group and London Stock Exchange Group terminated the proposed deal on June 29, saying they had determined they wouldn't receive enough shareholder support to complete the transaction.[12]

TMX acquired Atrium Network, a global extranet and wireless services business, in 2011 and rebranded it TMX Atrium.[13] It later sold the business to the Intercontinental Exchange in 2017.[14]

In November of 2012, TMX Group announced it would close down the listings business of its newly acquired Alpha bourse and cut 100 jobs that year. The announcements came as TMX reported its first earnings as an enlarged company following its purchases of Alpha and CDS. Alpha continues to operate as a marketplace. [15]

On August 12, 2014, TMX announced that Tom Kloet had agreed to remain in the role of CEO until October 31, 2014 (he had previously been scheduled to leave at the end of August) and that the board of directors was actively engaged in the search for TMX Group's next chief executive officer.[16]

In October 2014, TMX Group announced that it would introduce minimum order sizes for brokers and a speed bump on its Alpha Exchange starting in June 2015 in a move to slow down high-frequency traders and simplify the nation’s equity markets. TMX received regulatory approval on August 19, 2015 for a "Long Life order type" on Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX). These orders will have a minimum resting time, and in return they will get priority over other orders at the same price.[17]

In June of 2015, TMX Group embarked on a reorganization initiated by CEO Lou Eccleston as a result of a six-month review of operations. As part of the reorganization, TMX said it was looking to hire a sales chief and that the new executive would focus on commercial strategy and client experience to help fend off competition from rivals, pitch products to investors and attract new stock issues.

TMX also said the head of its Canadian Depository for Securities unit, Jean Desgagne, would add operations, technology, transaction services and procurement to his expanded brief as head of global enterprise services, and the company's head of information technology, Brenda Hoffman, would leave by the end of July.[18] TMX also sold its Equicom Group investor-relations unit to National Public Relations in July 2015 for an undisclosed amount.[19]

Also in June 2015, TMX said it would launch a new platform called AgriClear for U.S. and Canadian ranchers to buy and sell cattle electronically. The initiative was an effort by Eccleston to leverage the exchange operator’s trading and clearing expertise as a way to open up new sources of growth.[20] AgriClear would enable prospective U.S. or Canadian buyers and sellers to use a mobile phone to view video of live cattle, negotiate, transact and arrange delivery. Cattle sales are currently handled through auctions or directly between buyers and sellers. [21]

TMX Group made a major acquisition in the energy space in December 2017 with the purchase of Trayport for £350 million cash from the Intercontinental Exchange. As part of the deal, TMX also sent to ICE, its Natural Gas Exchange (NGX), a North American exchange for the trading and clearing of natural gas and electricity contracts and Shorcan Brokers Limited, Canada's first fixed-income interdealer broker.

On June 14, 2023, TSX Venture Exchange announced the next phase of its Venture Forward initiative designed to strengthen Canada's public venture market. In a new report, TSXV outlined several important commitments to innovation and growth. The report incorporates feedback from stakeholders.[22]

Sustainability at TMX[edit]

Information about TMX's corporate commitment to sustainability can be found on its website here.

Contract Volume[edit]

Year Total Annual Volume Percent Change
2021 613,028,879 92.76%
2020 318,018,983 39.01%
2019 228,766,070 4.47%
2018 218,987,586 19.5%
2017 183,171,887 (-) 8.9%
2016 201,119,409 11.8%
2015 179,942,000 6.8%
2014 168,474,076 8.2%
2013 155,753,473 (-) 25.6%
2012 209,352,769 3.8%
2011 201,660,687 48.2%
2010 136,051,028 --


Exchange Volume Percent Change
Boston Options Exchange
2018 106,794,504 22.8%
2017 86,904,384
Montreal Exchange
2018 112,193,082 16.5%
2017 96,267,503

Key People[edit]